知识不是力量

  知识,是人们在社会和生产的实践活动中积累起来的经验和认知的综合。

    一个人具备了丰富的知识,表示此人具备了拥有力量的基础,但不管他拥有的知识多么丰富,并不代表此人有力量。比如图书馆拥有丰富的知识,但图书馆本身并不具备力量。仅仅从储存知识这一点而言,人的大脑与图书馆无异。

Knowledge is a combination of the experience and cognition accumulated by our social and productive practical activities. One can possess a wealth of knowledge, which means that they possess the “foundation” to gain power, but no matter how much knowledge they have, it does not mean that they will ever have power. It is like a library which has abundant knowledge but no power. From the point of storing knowledge, a person’s brain is only like a library.
“知识就是力量,”这是十七世纪英国哲学家弗兰西斯?培根在其著作《沉思录》中说的,一般在学校里,老师在激发学生的学习兴趣时津津乐道的就是这句话,由此,学生们盲目地认为,只要学好了学校设置的课程,只要掌握了知识,毕业后就可以拥有力量来实现自己的追求和理想。

“Knowledge is power”, is from “Meditation”, written by the seventeenth century British philosopher, Francis Bacon,which teachers delight in using to arouse students’ learning interest at school. As a result, students blindly believe that as long as they learn their lessons well which are set by schools, and as long as they grasp that knowledge, they will have the power to achieve their own pursuits and ideals after they graduate.
知识主要来自于感官,但是,弗兰西斯?培根针对古希腊哲学家普罗特格拉的“人是万物的尺度”之论说:“断定感官为衡量万物的尺度,是很大的错误”。这也就是说,用通过感观获得的知识来判断和衡量万事万物万象会犯错误的。

Knowledge comes mainly from our sense organs. However, in the view of the Greek Philosopher Protagoras, “Human is the measure of everything”. This was refuted by Francis Bacon who wrote that “It is a great mistake to conclude that our limited sense organs measure all things”. In other words, it is wrong to judge and measure all things and all forms from the limited knowledge that our sense organs can provide.
现在,我们面前站着一个初中毕业的性感妙龄美女和一位获得博士学位的丑妞,请问:这两位女子中哪一位更能引起一个男人丰富的联想和情绪的波动?更能激发一个男人旺盛的活力?如果是美女,那就证明知识不是力量,而美才具有巨大的力量。

Consider a scenario in which a sexy young girl with a middle school diploma is standing next to a more mature, older lady with a Doctorate degree and both are in front of an interviewer. Which one is more likely to arouse the man’s rich imagination, alter his mood, and motivate his intense vitality? If it is the young girl, that is because knowledge is not true power since even beauty can have more power.

相信“知识就是力量”具有很大的盲动性和危险性,这是一种认知误区,也是思维误区,比如接受“男大当婚女大当嫁”这种人生知识必然会给一生带来烦恼和痛苦,这是千百年来人类共同犯错误的知识,这样的知识对人生没有什么好处,还有什么“不孝有三无后为大,”“百善孝为先,万恶淫为首,”“不吃苦中苦,难为人上人”等等。再比如父母对儿女的教育引导方面,父母所用的全部是自己的知识,但父母的知识引导教育出了身心灵全方位健康的有独立生活能力的孩子吗?大多是失败的。当客观事物已经发生了巨大变化,还继续顽固地坚持和应用原先的知识,肯定会碰壁,比如各宗教的知识和概念,不仅没有力量,反而成了阻碍社会发展和妨碍人性解放的反作用力。其实,偏见和谬见也是一种知识,这样的知识有什么益处?

It is reckless and dangerous to believe that “Knowledge is power”. Not only is it a cognitive misconception, but also a thinking one. For example, to accept that “When a son is grown he takes a wife, and when a girl is mature she finds a husband” as a life knowledge is bound to bring anguish and suffering throughout their whole lives. This knowledge has lead people to make such common mistakes for thousands of years, but which accomplish no good.

Some more are:

•“There are three forms of unfilial conduct but the worst is to have no descendants.”

•“Filial piety is the most important of all virtues.”
•“Lewdness is the worst of all sins.”
•“He who does not endure hardship cannot stand up to others.”

Another example is how education and guidance are passed from parents to their children. Can a parent’s knowledge conduct and educate their children with both a full range of healthy spirits, minds, and bodies, as well as the ability to lead their own independent lives? Most fall very short.

When great changes take place in objective knowledge but we stubbornly insist on applying our traditional knowledge, we will certainly be rebuffed. Look at various religious dogmas and concepts. As they feel a loss of power, they become reactionary, resist social development, and impede natural human liberation.

In fact, prejudices and fallacy are knowledge.

What are the benefits of such knowledge? None!

仅就人而言,最强大的力量是灵活圆融的思维力量,比如爱因斯坦的力量。我坚信,爱因斯坦的力量不是来自于他的知识,而是来自于他的思维。没见过读书多、获得的文凭多、经验多却思维僵化的人有什么力量。

Our most powerful intellectual force is the power of flexible and tactful thinking. I believe firmly that Albert Einstein’s power came not from his knowledge, but from his thinking.
Those who read more and get more diplomas and more experience but form rigid ways of thinking have rarely been found to wield much power.

持久的力量不是来自于知识,更不会来自于强大的经济力量和国防力量,而是来自于真善美爱诚信,真的东西有力量,善的言行有力量,美的事物有力量,爱具有强大的力量,诚实的品质具有力量,守信的人有力量。

Lasting power comes from neither knowledge nor from powerful economic strength and national defense forces, but from sincerity, kindness, virtue, love, faith, and honesty. Sincere deeds have power, kind behavior has power, things of virtue have power, love is a powerful force, honest quality has power, people who keep their words and their faith have power.

结论是:一定要学习和积累知识,但知识具有局限性、危险性和反动性,不要盲目的认为有了知识就具备了力量,与其消耗大量的宝贵时光去追求知识,不如在真善美爱诚信上多下功夫,因为真善美爱诚信才具备持久的力量,同时,在开发思维上下功夫,不要在背诵记忆过去的知识上耗费过多的时光和精力,不能顽固地用死的知识来硬套变化的活的现实。

Conclusion: knowledge must be learned and accumulated, but knowledge has limitation, danger, and can be reactionary. Never believe blindly that having knowledge is synonymous with having power. Rather than spending your precious time on chasing knowledge, you would be well advised to concentrate your efforts on sincerity, kindness, virtue, love, faith, and honesty, for those are the people who will enjoy lasting power. Meanwhile, take pains to develop your way of thinking by never spending time and effort reciting your former knowledge or stubbornly judging and adapting to a changing, living reality with dead, prejudicial knowledge.

发布者:Jena Wang

I am Jena from China. I was a resident living in Chinese Largest Ecovillage —New Oasis for Life Community. I like ecovillages life mode. I am also interested in spiritual articles. Here I just share the Greatest Creator's love to me and my personal daily life. Hope you can enjoy my blog, thank you for reading.

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