39、科学与文明

Science and Civilization

宗教与愚昧同行,科学与文明并进。

Religion goes hand in hand with fatuity, while science keeps abreast with civilization.

科学是认识、探索、解释大自然、人类社会、思维领域运行规律的活动和学问。

Science is the activity and knowledge to understand, explore, and interpret the laws of nature, human society, and thinking.

文明是建立在正确地认识物质世界和反物质世界基础上形成的一种人类自觉自愿行为。

Civilization is a voluntary behavior of man formed on the basis of the correct understanding of material world and nonmaterial world.

没有科学的发展和进步,文明只是一种奢望。

Without the development and progress of science, civilization is only an extravagant hope.

真正文明的标志是:在没有法律法规、在没有监督机制的情况下人与人、人与社会、人与自然之间没有丝毫的冲突,且能保持和谐相处的情景。

The symbol for real civilization is: no slightest conflict between man and man, man and society, and man and nature, and the sustained harmony without the regulations of laws and without the mechanisms of supervision.

比如,我们乘座公共汽车,在车上吃了一个香蕉,如何处理香蕉皮?不文明的做法是随手将香蕉皮扔出窗外,只保持自己脚底下的干净整洁,完全不考虑扔出窗外的香蕉皮对他人造成的不便;较文明的做法是,把香蕉皮放在座位下面,然后一走了之;文明的做法是,下车时把香蕉皮带走,然后找垃圾筒处理掉。

For example, how do we dispose of the banana peel after eating a banana on the bus? The uncivilized behavior is to throw it out of the window. We only keep a clean place for ourselves and do not care about the inconvenience to others caused by the banana peel thrown out of the window. The less uncivilized behavior is to place the banana peel under the seat and leave the bus. The civilized behavior is to take the banana peel away and throw it into the dustbin.

再比如,在人来人往的大路旁设一个无人售报点,假设每份报纸一美元,旁边放一个钱盒子,自找零头。这种情况下,文明的人会自觉自愿地把钱放到钱盒里,取走该找的零头,然后从最上面拿走一份报纸;较文明的人也会把钱放进盒子,但在取零头时会翻来翻去,专寻干净整洁的钱,在取报时,不从最上面拿,而要从中间抽;不文明的人,只要看着左右无人监视,就会顺手牵羊,不付钱也要拿一份报纸,甚至会拿两份,因为他想,“不拿白不拿,拿了也白拿。”至于其余的后果他不会去考虑,他不会考虑到售报点主人的损失。至于有人不仅不付钱,还要拿走钱盒子里的钱,这已不是文明不文明的问题,而属于犯罪范畴。

For another example, suppose an automatic newsagent stand is set up by a road with a large flow of pedestrians, each newspaper sells for one dollar, and beside the pile of newspaper is placed a money box, from which buyers can get the changes of his money. In this situation, the civilized person would willingly place the money into the money box and take away the changesand then fetch a newspaper from the top of the pile of newspaper. The less uncivilized person would also place the money into the box, but would fumble through the box for the cleaner and tidier changes and would not take the newspaper directly from the top of the pile but takes one from the middle of the pile. The uncivilized person would trickly pick newspaper from the pile when seeing no one around and would take one or even two newspaper without paying money, thinking “It does not make any difference whether I take one for free or not”. He would not consider other consequences. He would not pay attention to the losses sustained to the owner of the newspaper. For those who do not pay for the newspaper and worse still pick money from the box, this is not a matter of being civilized or not, but a matter of crime.

或许有人会说,文明与科学关系不大,在民风纯朴的偏僻乡村,人们“道不拾遗,夜不闭户,”难道说不文明吗?

Some may say that civilization does not have much to do with science. In the remote villages with rustic folkway, The doors were not shut at night and no one picked other’s loss on the street., and doesn’t this count for civilization?

这就牵扯到对科学的理解问题。人们普遍认为,航天飞机、离子加速器、电脑网络、磁悬浮机车、原子能发电厂、生命“克隆”、纳米技术、原子弹等等属于科学范畴,而农民种庄稼、主妇做饭、工人做工、小商贩做买卖与科学无关。

This question involves the understanding of science. It is generally believed that space shuttles, ion accelerators, computer networks, magnetic suspension trains, atomic energy power plants, cloning of life, nanotechnology, and atomic bombs are science but farmer’s planting of crops, housewife’s cooking, worker’s operation, and smallbusiness all have nothing to do with science.

许多人对科学有一种偏见,认为科学在为人类造福的同时又威胁着人类的文明生存。比如“道不拾遗,夜不闭户”这种文明现象几乎已经绝迹,是由于科学发展的结果。甚至有人认为是科学导致了枪炮、轰炸机、原子弹等杀人武器,是科学导致了人类的繁忙和生活节奏的加快。更有人认为,资源的枯竭、地球的污染、环境的破坏、人们精神和心理的压力和紧张等都是科学所造的孽。

Many people are biased against science, believing that science is at the same time benefiting mankind and threatening the survival of civilization. For example, as a result of the development of science, people can no longer have any impression of the good old days—in which the doors were not shut at night and no one picked other’s loss on the street.. Some people even believe that science should be held responsible for the creation of killing machines like firearms, bombers, and atomic bombs and that science has caused the bustling of mankind and accelerated the pace of life. There are even people who claim that the exhausted resources, the polluted earth, the damaged environment, and people’s spiritual and mental stress are all evils committed by science.

科学冤枉,冤枉了科学。

Science has been treated unjustly.

科学是认识、探索、解释大自然、人类社会、人的生理、心理、精神等领域发展规律的一种活动和学问,至于有人把科学的知识用于其他用途,这怎么能归咎于科学?

Science is the activity and knowledge for understanding, exploring, and interpreting the laws of nature, human society, and thinking. How can we impute science simply because of some people’s crooked application of science to other purposes?

科学的知识导致了汽车的出现,如果有人开车撞了人,我们能说是科学撞了人吗?

Science has caused the emergence of automobiles. Can we blame science if a driverhas run into someone?

因特网的出现是科学发展的结果,有人利用网络推销毒品和淫秽画册,我们能说是科学在推销毒品和淫秽画册吗?

Internet has burst into the modern stage with the development of science. Can we say that science is promoting drugs and pornographic picture albums if someone takes advantage of the network to promote drugs and porn picture albums?

电视、VCD、DVD、光盘、电影、电话、铺天盖地的杂志和书籍等的出现与科学的发展有关,但有人利用这些设施进行低级庸俗的宣传活动,导致人们时间上的紧张、人情上的冷漠,心理和精神上的扭曲,我们能将其罪责归咎于科学吗?

With the development of science and the appearance of Television, VCD, DVD, CD, films, telephones, and floods of books and magazines. Some people are utilizing these facilities to conduct vulgar propaganda, which causes people’s tension in sense of time, apathy in human relations, and contortion in psychology and mentality. Can we blame science for all these bad effects?

科学导致了原子弹的发明和出现,但有人拿着原子弹威胁和恐吓他人,我们能说是科学在威胁和恐吓他人吗?

Science has caused the invention of atomic bombs, but can we say that science is intimidating people if someone threatens others with an atomic bomb?

如果把现代社会的一切不良现象和罪过归咎于科学这种逻辑成立的话,那么,以下的逻辑推理就是完全正确的。

If it is tenable to ascribe all misbehaviors and evils of modern society to science, then the following logical reasoning should be completely correct.

小王杀了人,其原因是他父母生下了他,若他父母不生下他,就不存在小王杀人的问题,那么,罪责不在小王,而在小王父母的身上,而小王的父母是他们的父母生的,所以,小王的罪应该由他父母的父母承担,照此推理,小王的罪应该由人类的始祖承担。但人类的始祖从哪儿来呢?应该由地球负责,没有地球,哪来人类的始祖?但事情还未了结,没有太阳系,就不会有地球,没有银河系,就不会有太阳系,最后追根寻源,罪责就会推到创造了宇宙的上帝身上。

The reason why Xiao Wang committed murder is because his parents have given birth to him. If his parents have not given birth to him, there would not have been the problem of Xiao Wang’s murder. Then not Xiao Wang but his parents should be blamed for the crime. However, Xiao Wang’s parents were born by their respective parents, so Xiao Wang’s parents’ parents should be responsible for Xiao Wang’s crime. If this reasoning goes further back, the primogenitor of mankind will have to be held responsible. Where did man’s primogenitor come from? Then the earth cannot be exempt from the liability, because without the earth there would have been no primogenitor of mankind. The problem, however, does not end here. Without the solar system, there would have been no earth; and without the Milky Way galaxy, there would have been no solar system. And finally the crime may be traced back to the Greatest Creator who has created the universe.

逻辑推理的结果是:小王杀人的罪责应该由上帝承担。

The result of the logical reasoning is that the Greatest Creator is responsible for Xiao Wang’s action of murder.

这种逻辑推理是荒谬的。

This discursion is ridiculous.

如果这种推理不是荒谬的,那么,解决的办法只有一个:毁灭人类,毁灭宇宙。

If this rationalization is not absurd, then there would be only one solution: destroy mankind, destroy the universe.

还有什么人要把罪责推给科学吗?

Who else wants to shift the blame onto science?

有一种谬论,说:“科学是一把双刃剑。”这无疑是在说,“太阳是一颗双刃球。”“橘子是一个双刃果。”“飞机是一架双刃器。”“电视是一台双刃机。”凡物皆双刃,凡事皆双刃,处处是双刃,时时显双刃,其结果是,自己的父母也是双刃人。

There is a fallacy, “Science is a double-edged sword”, which undoubtedly implies that “The sun is a double-edged ball”, “The orange is a double-edged fruit”, “The plane is a double-edged aircraft”, and “TV is a double-edged set”. Everything is double-edged anywhere and any time. The result is one’s own parents are double-edged persons.

假设我们把科学比做一把刀子,人们用这把刀子切菜、割草,还是宰猪、杀人,完全取决于使用这把刀子的人,与刀子无关。

If we compare science to a knife, it totally depends on the user of the knife and has nothing to do with the knife itself whether the knife is used to chop vegetables, to mow grass, to slaughter pigs, or to kill people.

谈到科学,不能不谈谈科学家。现在科学家越来越多,科学家越来越多是社会发展的必然,是好事,但问题是,“谁应该被称为科学家?”

When it comes to science, we have to talk about scientists. Now there are more and more scientists, which are a good thing and an inevitable result of social development. But the problem is, “Who can be called scientists?”

谁是科学家?

Who are scientists?

科学家是在自然、社会、思维等领域发现了某一项(个、条)在一定的时空限度内普遍有效的规律并能用某一种文字清楚地描述或说明这个规律的人。

Scientists are people who have discovered and can clearly describe or explain a certain law in the field of nature, society, and thinking, which is universally valid within a given limit of time and space.

牛顿发现了引力,他是科学家;爱因斯坦发现了质能方程,他是科学家;居里夫人发现了放射性元素,她是科学家;普朗克发现了量子原理,他是科学家;拉普拉斯发现了不确定性原理,所以他也是科学家;等等。

Newton is a scientist because he has discovered gravitation; Einstein is a scientist because he has discovered the mass energy equation; Madame Curie is a scientist because she has discovered radioelements; Planck is a scientist because he has discovered quantum theory; Laplace is a scientist because he has discovered the uncertainty principle.

在科学实验室或在科学家身边工作的人,只能称为科学工作者,不能称为科学家。

Those who work in science laboratories or with scientists can only be called scientific workers and cannot be called scientists.

能解释某个现象的人也不能算做科学家。否则,我也成了科学家。

People capable of explaining certain phenomena cannot be called scientists. Otherwise, I would also be a scientist.

在某个科学院工作的人也不能称呼为科学家。

People working in certain academy of sciences can not be called scientists.

能依据他人的理论,作出发明创造的人,只能称为发明家、工程师、技术员,不能通归为科学家。爱迪生就不是科学家。

People only capable of making innovations and inventions according to others’ theories can not be called scientists and can only be called inventors, engineers, and technicians. Edison is not a scientist.

能详尽地阐述他人理论的人也不是科学家。许多大学老师能给学生讲解相对论和量子力学,但他们是教师、教授,而不是科学家。

People only capable of expounding others’ theories are not scientists, either. Many university teachers can explain the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics to students, but they are not scientists, instead they are teachers and professors.

发现了某个规律,但又不能用文字描述清楚其规律的人只能说是悟性很高的人,不能说他是科学家。

A person can only be regarded as one with great power of understanding but cannot be considered a scientist if he has discovered certain law but cannot explain it in clear words.

所以,不能把用爱因斯坦的理论研制出原子弹的人们说成是科学家,充其量,只能看成是科学工作者或工程师。

Therefore those who developed atomic bombs according to Einstein’s theories cannot be called scientist. They can at best be regarded as scientific workers or engineers.

科学家是个神圣的称号,不能随便把某个人称为科学家,否则,就会玷污科学和科学家。

Scientist is a sacred title. We should not abuse this title by using it randomly; otherwise science and scientists will be tarnished.

某个人发现和解释了某个原理,他是科学家,但他后来运用自己的发现去干损害社会的勾当,那是他品德和社会立场的问题,与科学家这个称号无关。就象一个人制造了一把菜刀,是为自己和社会创造了财富,但他后来拿这把菜刀去杀人,那他就成了罪犯,不能因为他成了罪犯,就说他创造的财富是错的。

A person is a scientist if he has discovered and explained a certain theory. That he may later do something detrimental to society with his discovery is a matter of his moral character and social standpoint and has nothing to do with the title of scientist. In the same way, a man has created wealth for himself and the society by making a knife. We cannot say that it is wrong to create wealth just because he later becomes a criminal by killing people with this knife.

当我们明白了什么是科学和科学家的时候,我们就会发现,科学是文明的催化剂。

After we have discovered what science and scientists are, we will understand that science is the catalyst for civilization.

没有科学的指引,人类就是一群盲目乱窜的动物,是不可理喻的、是不可救药的、是没有前途的。

Without the guidance of science, man would be like a mob of animals, irrational, irredeemable, and hopeless.

科学和科学家是上帝的产物,上帝没有创造宗教,但上帝创造了科学和科学家,一个真正的科学家是无法否认上帝的存在的,因为上帝创造的一切都是科学的、有规律的、有原理的,绝不是一团乱麻。走科学的道路,就是走上帝的道路。谁离上帝最近?科学家离上帝最近。

Science and scientist are offspring of the Greatest Creator. The Greatest Creator has not created religion, but he has created science and scientist. A real scientist cannot deny the existence of the Greatest Creator, because all that are created by the Greatest Creator are not a result of random actions but are based on science, laws, and principles. The road of science is the road of the Greatest Creator. Who are nearest to the Greatest Creator? Scientists!

人类社会在走向文明,今天的社会比昨天的社会文明,现在的时代比过去的时代文明,如果有谁仇视科学、仇视现在,惧怕未来,那么,脱掉你的衣服,毁掉你现在拥有的一切,回到原始森林中去试试。

Human society is marching toward civilization. Today’s society is more civilized than the past. Modern times are more civilized than past times. Whoever is hostile to science, to present time and is afraid of the future can get undressed, destroy all you haveand go back to the virgin forest to see how you can survive.

发布者:Jena Wang

I am Jena from China. I was a resident living in Chinese Largest Ecovillage —New Oasis for Life Community. I like ecovillages life mode. I am also interested in spiritual articles. Here I just share the Greatest Creator's love to me and my personal daily life. Hope you can enjoy my blog, thank you for reading.

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