10、大气层

地球的皮肤——大气层。

The earth’s skin—aerosphere

从海平面以上1000公里为大气层,99%的大气集中在地球表面向上40公里的范围内,根据各个高度范围内气体化学成分的不同,大气层分为对流层、同温层、中间层、电离层、外逸层。

The aerosphere occupies the space from the sea level to 1000 kilometers above. 99% of the atmosphere is concentrated within a space of 40 kilometers from the surface of the earth and above. The aerosphere is divided into troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, ionosphere, and exosphere according to the different chemical components within various altitude ranges.

海平面以上约18公里范围为对流层,对流层的99%是水蒸气,雷鸣闪电、刮风下雨、白云飘动、霞光彩虹等气候变化和自然现象都发生在对流层内。

The range about 18 kilometers above sea level belongs to the troposphere. 99% of the troposphere consists of vapor. The climatic changes and natural phenomena of thunder and lightning, wind and rain, drifting clouds, evening or morning glow, and rainbows all occur in the troposphere.

大气由78%的氮气,21%的氧气,1%的其它气体(如二氧化碳、氩气、臭氧等)构成。

The atmosphere consists of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, and 1% of other gases (such as carbon dioxide, argon, and ozone).

大气层是地球的皮肤,没有这层皮肤,地球就象月球、火星等星球一样是毫无生机的,地球上也绝对不会有什么生命存在,那么,这地球的皮肤是如何形成的?

The aerosphere is the skin of earth without which, the earth would be as bleak and desolate as the moon, the Mars, and other celestial bodies. There would be no life on earth. Then how did the earth’s skin come into being?

有人会说,这是自然产生的,那么,月球和火星上为什么就不能自然产生大气层呢?

Some may say the aerosphere only occurs naturally. Then why is there no aerosphere on the moon and Mars?

大气中各种气体的比例是恰如其分的,任何气体比例的增大或减小对地球上的生命是灾难性的。比如氧气只占大气的21%,没有氧气,人和动物就会顷刻死亡,氧气少了,人类和动物就无法进行正常的活动,喜马拉雅山的珠穆朗玛峰上人就无法进行正常活动,原因是氧气太少了,宇宙飞船必须带有足够的氧气才能使宇航员进行正常的探索工作。但若大气中的氧气成分超过21%,那么,低纬度地区的人和动物就容易中毒,自然界中的易燃物品容易自燃,甚至稍有一点火星,就会燃起燎原之势。

The proportions of different gases in the atmosphere are just right. The increase or decrease of the proportions of any gases would be catastrophic to life on earth. For example, oxygen accounts for only 21% of the atmosphere, the absence of oxygen will mean the instant death of man and animals, and the reduced amount of oxygen will hinder the normal activities of man and animals. It is impossible to carry out normal activities on the summit of the Everest in Himalayas, because of the scarcity of oxygen. The spacecraft must be equipped with adequate oxygen for astronauts to carry out normal explorative activities. If oxygen in the atmosphere accounts for more than 21%, the people and animals in the low-latitude regions may suffer poisoning and the inflammables in the nature will be liable to spontaneous combustion. An iota of spark may trigger many things ablaze.

植物生长除了靠水分、阳光、二氧化碳等成分外,还必须要有大量的氧化氮,那么,若氮气的含量少于78%,无论雷电如何交加,也制造不出大量的氧化氮来供地球表面上的植物吸收。

Apart from moisture, sunlight, and carbon dioxide, plants also need a large amount of nitrogen oxide for their growth. If the content of nitrogen is less than 78%, no matter how often or on what scales thunder and lightning may occur, there won’t be enough nitrogen oxide created for the absorption of plants on the surface of the earth.

二氧化碳的含量占不到大气的1%,少量的二氧化碳是发生温室效应的核心因素,使地球全球温度能保持在-21度——14度之间,若没有二氧化碳,海洋都将会结冰,植物会死亡,但若多了,人和动物将会中毒而死,地球的温度将会急剧上升。

The amount of carbon dioxide accounts for less than one percent of the atmosphere. The small amount of carbon dioxide is the core factor of greenhouse effect, which maintains the global temperature between -21 degrees and 14 degrees Celsius. Without carbon dioxide, the ocean will be frozen up, and the plants will die out. However, with too much carbon dioxide, man and animals may die of poisoning and the temperature of the earth may rise dramatically.

我们要问的是:大气和大气中气体准确无误的比例是如何形成的?我们总不能把一切我们无法解释的现象说成是“自然而然形成的”吧?一个人生下来若没有父母的精心照料,能自然而然长大吗?我们照明用的电是自然而然产生的吗?几十吨重的飞机在天上飞行,是自然而然飞上去的吗?我们在土地上随便撒上许多种子,再不进行锄草、施肥、浇水、就自然而然能获得大丰收吗? We may ask: how did atmosphere and the accurate proportions within the atmosphere come about? We can not always attribute the inexplicable phenomena to “Naturally formed as a matter of course”, can we? Without the careful attention of the parents, can a person grow up naturally after he was born? Is the lighting electricity we use generated naturally? Does the plane, weighing dozens of tons fly naturally in the sky? Can we naturally reap a bumper harvest by simply throwing some seeds on the ground without hoeing the weeds, fertilization, and watering?

宇宙中绝对没有自然而然的事情,一切的事物都有一个“人”或“智慧”在管理和操纵着,对此,难道还有什么人要怀疑吗?

There is absolutely nothing involuntary in the universe and everything is managed and manipulated by “someone” or “some kind of wisdom”. What are you suspicious about then?

发布者:Jena Wang

I am Jena from China. I was a resident living in Chinese Largest Ecovillage —New Oasis for Life Community. I like ecovillages life mode. I am also interested in spiritual articles. Here I just share the Greatest Creator's love to me and my personal daily life. Hope you can enjoy my blog, thank you for reading.

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